Splash Spring 2017
Course Catalog


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Arts Engineering
Humanities Math & Computer Science
Science Walk-in Seminar
Miscellaneous History


Arts

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A480: George Gershwin, Tin Pan Alley, and the Rhapsody (in Blue) that almost never happened.
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Katie DiMauro

Learn about American composer George Gershwin, the famous Tin Pan Alley, and how the well-known piece "Rhapsody in Blue" almost never happened!

A462: A Uniquely American Perspective: The Landscapes, Artists, and Environmentalism of The Hudson River School
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Elisabeth DiMauro

In this lesson, students will embark on a discovery of the remarkable Hudson River School of Painting. We will discuss the key artists of the movement such as Thomas Cole, Frederic Church, Asher Durand, Jasper Cropsey, and Albert Bierstadt. The students will view the breathtaking paintings of America's first art movement, in addition to learning the history behind them. We will learn the components of The Claudian Mode, the formula that Hudson River School painters employed in their paintings. We will explore the environmental activism that was at the very heart of the movement, by reading the artists' own insightful writings. We will also explore other related topics such as manifest destiny and Transcendentalism. After learning the history behind this naturalistic movement, we will connect the forward thinking environmental philosophy with relevant current topics. In conclusion, we will engage in a conversation about how we can use art to preserve and promote the environment today, just as these painters did so many years ago.

A461: Introduction to Classical Drawing Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Runyang Zhang

Have you ever wondered how artists like Michelangelo and Rembrandt draw so well? Are you curious to know how Van Gogh, Picasso, and Dali trained as art students?

If so, come to this workshop and learn about some principles in classical drawing. Complete a couple of exercises yourself and get feedback! NO EXPERIENCE IS NECESSARY, just come with an open mind.

If you'd like to stay longer after the class is over, take a look at some books that can show you more about the backstage life of artists involved in the movements of realism and neoclassicism.

A499: So You Want To Work In Theatre?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Ana Munoz

Does Broadway capture your soul? Do you love acting in your school's theatre club? Is designing for theatre your passion? This course is designed to give a general overview of the professional theatre world, both onstage and behind the scenes, and what is involved in the process of advancing from an amateur to a professional.


Prerequisites
None, but experience in school, community, or professional theatre is helpful!

A500: Stage Management 101
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ana Munoz

"Standby, LX 1"... The stage manager is the glue of any theatrical production. This course will give you an introduction to all things stage management- from what a stage manager does to how to assemble a stage management kit, and more! We will also be making spike tape sticks to add to all of our kits. All levels of stage managers are welcome to this class, from beginner to experienced. "LX 1- Go!"


Prerequisites
None required, but experience in theatre is helpful!


Engineering

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E486: Lasers: A Materials Science Perspective
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Benjamin Miller

This course will illuminate how lasers work. Further, we shall shed light on the history of lasers. Finally, applications of lasers will be highlighted. Hopefully this course will be enlightening.

E511: Introduction to Civil Engineering
Difficulty: **

This course will offer an overview of civil engineering including the sub-disciplines of this field, roles and responsibilities of a civil engineer, and project considerations. The class will culminate with a mini-group activity in which students will take on the role of civil engineers.

E470: How Computer Systems Break
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Megan Belzner

It's been said that "complex systems break in complex ways", and computer systems are getting more and more complex every day. So how do they break? What can go wrong when they do? And what happens when someone tries to exploit these errors? We'll take a look at some major system failures over the past several decades, how they could have been avoided, and why building an infallible computer system is so hard.


Prerequisites
If you know how to represent numbers in binary and/or what integer overflow means, you're probably good. If you don't, you should still be able to understand the high-level ideas, you just may not get all the details.

E531: Intro to Space Exploration
Difficulty: **
Teachers: James Gong

Introduction to the science, engineering, and economics behind space exploration, as well as the motivation and rationale for our journey to the final frontier. Overview of the future of the space program.
Hosted by the Columbia Space Initiative! www.columbiaspace.org

E484: Mechanical Engineering: Micromachines to Jumbo Jets
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wondered how machines work? Are you wondering how we got Neil Armstrong to the moon? We will be teaching you the basics of how everyday objects you see and use work through an engineers' eyes!

- introduction to forces and moments
- application of forces and moments on real objects
- introduction to free body diagrams


Prerequisites
Should know basic algebra

E473: Get hired by Google
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nathan Bendich

Some of the basic computer science concepts for programming interviews.

Homework: If I give you a series of words in Java, what is the fastest way to reverse the order of the words?

ie. "Kanye West wins the Nobel Peace Prize"

->

"Prize Peace Nobel the wins West Kanye"

If that is too easy, here are some other interview questions people have been asked:
http://maxnoy.com/interviews.html

And harder questions here:
leetcode.com


Prerequisites
Programming experience preferred, not necessary though Please bring a laptop if you own one


Humanities

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H496: Ezra Pound's Poetic Translations [Symposium@Splash]
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Denise Xu

In this class, we will examine select works from Ezra Pound's Cathay (1915)--a collection of classical Chinese poetry translations.

We will explore the reasons why Cathay can be read as both a work of translation and a collection of original poetry. We will discuss Pound's imagism, ideogrammic method, and inaccuracies.

And of course, we will spend time just indulging in the works of a great modernist poet.


[Part of Symposium@Splash]

H498: [Symposium@Splash] Introduction to Haiku
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Joseph Lap

Come learn about Kigo, Gitaigo, Giseigo, Kireji and other concepts to enrich your understanding of Haiku. Trace the history of Haiku as it emerged from Renku and other forms. Write your own! This course is tripartite in nature: focusing on history, appreciation, and composition.

H522: Nationalism in a Globalized Era [Symposium@Splash]
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Charlotte Pu, Alex Yang

As the danger of xenophobia and isolationism is looming large, we will use this class as an opportunity to examine the evolution of nationalism in a global context. The main theories we will study are Samuel Huntington's Clash of Civilizations and Edward Said's Orientalism. Using those texts as a springboard for discussion, we will investigate the development of the Other in a nationalistic point of view, and how this concept has become more and more threatening as civilizations come into contact with one another in today's world.


Prerequisites
Read Huntington's "The Clashes of Civilizations?" and the introduction section to Said's Orientalism.

H519: Romance and Ethics Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Zachary Richards

Romance and mating across species can be understood in terms of a generalized system of ethics applicable to all living things. The wonderful thing about understanding ethics is it can help you look and feel extremely attractive. In this class we will discuss the underpinnings of generalized ethics and how derived rules for behavior can be applied to attract others, (and not feel like a sleaze while doing so). Don't expect to fall in love in this class. It's not as exciting as it sounds.


Prerequisites
A heart Morals

H521: Derivation of Natural Rights from Generalized Ethics Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Zachary Richards

Rights are a fundamental element of discourse in the modern Western Philosophical tradition. Giving a preliminary of generalized ethics we will derive a discussion of the variously supported traditional natural rights currently supported by the United Nations.

H479: In Soviet Russia, Russian speaks YOU!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Provence Barnouin

Ever wanted to say something other than "babushka" and "vodka" in Putin's mother tongue? If you said "da," then this course is for you!

In this course, you'll learn the Cyrillic alphabet and basic Russian expressions ! Course will include fun cultural facts and short movie clips!
Мы говорим по-русский!


Prerequisites
Some familiarity with the Greek alphabet is recommended, but not required.

H517: How Artificial Intelligence Impacts Society
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Grace Lindsay

This course will be a discussion-based overview on the ways in which recent advances in technology will (and already do) impact society. No scientific knowledge or interest is required. Just come prepared to listen to some short examples and share your ideas

H523: Economics and Generalized Value Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Zachary Richards

Underlying is a discussion of the metaphysical nature of value as derived from generalized philosophy. Given this discussion we will derive a basis for value as exchanged economically through currency. Discussed will be problems engaging realizing value through economic exchange and various business strategies to assist in realizing value.

H532: The Two Lenses: Adhering to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights While Maintaining Cultural Values
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Julien Rosenbloom

The “Two Lenses” lecture examines the relationship between the cultural aspect and ethical aspect to human rights law and the general notion of human rights, which make up the two lenses by which human rights violations and measures of adherence to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 are evaluated. It considers a wide range of case studies in such countries as Malawi, Sudan, Liberia, and the like; in such revolutions as South Sudan’s (and its ensuing civil war), Haiti’s, Latin America’s, the Arab Spring, and the United States’; and in such practices as genital mutilation (especially in females), early and arranged marriages, chiefdom, and religious rites; and challenges the students to think critically about the lens with which these are typically associated and evaluate these associations. Transitory instances of human rights violations and adherences will also be discussed. An overlying theme that will be frequently synthesized into case studies and concept discussions is the role of westernization and the westernization of human rights as a whole. Within this framework, students will leave with a broadened understanding of human rights and current events and be able to utilize the case studies and concepts as catalysts for discussion and debate in the future.

H493: Political Philosophy in the East and West [Symposium@Splash]
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Hongru Luo

In this class we will examine and compare political texts from both the East and the West in our attempt to answer these three questions:
1) What is the ideal state?
2) Who should govern?
3) How does a state respond to challenges?


Prerequisites
Read excerpts from Confucius, Mencius, Han Feizi, Plato, Aristotle, Rousseau, and Locke.

H469: From Swans to Spartacus: Ballet in the Soviet Union
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jessie Oehrlein

We often associate classical ballet with Imperial Russia. However, ballet was also culturally important during the Soviet period, and balletic developments in the Soviet Union were really different from those elsewhere. We'll talk about the history of Soviet ballet, how it influenced and was influenced by ballet in the West, and why only a few Soviet ballets survived the fall of the Soviet Union.

H497: Introductory Chinese with Calligraphy
Difficulty: *

Students will be introduced to the basics of Chinese pronunciation including tones and pinyin. The students will also learn commonly used phrases and basic grammar structure. We will use calligraphy as an aid to introduce character writing.

H466: reading and writing science fiction.
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Arthur Patterson

Science fiction is rarely considered important academic reading, but it should be. In a letter to a fan Edgar Allen Poe wrote:"I became insane, with long intervals of horrible sanity." Poe's turns the our ordinary perception upside down and in the same way that ace ice fiction is meant to do. In this class students will learn what makes science fiction important as a genera through the study of authors like H.P Lovecraft, Edgar Allen Poe, Kurt Vonnegut, Marry Shelly, and most recently Suzanne Collins author of the Hunger Games. After a brief discussion of the field the class will write their own science fiction tale individual or as a group.
There is no need to have read any of the authors above! Only an interest in thinking and talking about the weird, the unknown, and the fantastic.

H525: Politics and Generalized Value Full!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Zachary Richards

Underlying is a discussion of the metaphysical nature of value as derived from generalized philosophy. Given this discussion we will derive a basis for value as realized in political structures and community organization. Discussed will be problems engaging realizing value through political structuring, protest and regulation.

H460: Sociology of Toys
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Runyang Zhang

Toys are fun to play with, but they also tell us a lot about the society that produces them.

Come to learn about the insights sociology can offer to the subject of dolls, action figures, video games and more. This class is very interactive, and no experience with sociology is necessary.
By the end of the class, hopefully you will begin to think critically about not only toys, but other forms of cultural production as well.


Prerequisites
None

H474: Power Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Nathan Bendich

Have you ever wanted someone to do something for you, only to be frustrated when they wouldn't?

People have studied influence for thousands of years. Let's see what we've learned

H510: Concepts of Psychoanalysis
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Gurmeher Juneja

Freud has been famous and infamous for a lot of things. Let's learn a little about him and make these judgments? He devised what we now call as psychotherapy, that is helping out so many people who both may or may not be suffering from a mental illness. This course will talk about basic psychoanalytic concepts, of how these concepts are different from other schools of thought, and give a basic introduction to the different waves of Psychoanalysis. Let's get psychoanalyzed!


Math & Computer Science

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M472: Why computers make so many billionaires
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Nathan Bendich

Want to be rich?

I'll at least show you how Gates and Zuckerberg made their money. Can't promise billions, unfortunately

M501: False Theorems and Fake Proofs Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Grabovsky

In this introductory “math” class, we will “prove” some entirely false results in surprisingly convincing ways. For example, we’ll show that 1 is the largest natural number, that it’s actually equal to both -1 and 2, and that all natural numbers are a whole lot less than a million. Come find out why the Pythagorean theorem is a lot simpler than you thought (spoiler: $$c = a+b$$), why all infinite sets are the same, and more. The emphasis will be as much on making math hilarious as on introducing the methods of “proof” that make these results tick—and why they’re wrong.


Prerequisites
Nothing will be assumed except for basic mathematics up through precalculus, and some familiarity with proof by induction. Come prepared with a confidence about mathematics ready to be shaken. Depending on the class’s level of preparation, I might also try out some fun examples from calculus involving derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

M503: Groups and Representations
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: David Grabovsky

Group theory and linear algebra are two of the most stunningly beautiful areas of mathematics, and representation theory is what happens when you put them together. In this class, we will start by introducing groups and some cool stuff you can do with them (e.g. homomorphisms, group actions, etc.) before moving to vector spaces and discussing invariant subspaces and maps. We'll define representations, talk briefly about irreducibility, and then prove the cute but powerful lemma of Schur. If there's time, we can then move on to direct sums and discuss the decomposition of representations into irreducible pieces.


Prerequisites
You probably want to know what a vector space is—a full-fledged linear algebra course is probably overkill, but wouldn’t hurt. A working understanding of sets and functions will be assumed (know what a bijection is!), as well as a good deal of mathematical maturity.

M505: Introduction to LaTeX
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Silas Grossberndt

Introduction to the LaTeX programming language. Learn the markup language that is used in Maths and Sciences to write up mathematical equations in a nice font. It can go from as simple as $$A=\pi r^2$$ to $$Z(A,B)=\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2 \beta}} \sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2 \beta}} \frac{1}{4 \pi ^2} e^{2 i \hbar} \int dx dy e^{-\beta \frac{a}{2} x^2 +Ax} e^{-\beta \frac{b}{2} y^2+By}$$ and can even handle large papers and automatically create bibliographies!

M529: Making Android apps with Android Studio Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Akshaya Dinesh

Have you ever wondered how popular mobile apps like Facebook, Instagram, and Flappy Bird are made? Well now you can learn to build your very own phone app using Android Studio and Java. In this workshop, you will go through all the basic steps of making a simple Android app. By the end, you will have a fully finished app that you can bring home and show to your friends and family.


Prerequisites
Knowledge of Java or other programming languages is PREFERRED, but definitely not required. This workshop is mostly for beginners. You will need to download some programs, but more info will be sent later.

M514: Toying with Topology
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Theo Coyne

A classic joke goes that a topologist is someone who can't tell a coffee cup apart from a donut. We'll talk about what it means for two spaces to be "the same" to a topologist and how we can tell apart spaces that are actually different. We'll study tools like the Euler characteristic and the fundamental group and see how they can be used to study spaces.

Some cool applications of topology that I'll discuss include (but are not limited to!):

If you drop a map on the ground, some point on the map is on top of the point it represents.

There is some point on the Earth with the same temperature and humidity as the point directly opposite it.

Furthermore, there is a point on the Earth with no wind.


Prerequisites
Basic geometry, enough calculus to be comfortable with the word "continuous". A willingness to work with mathematical proofs. Knowing what a group is will be helpful but isn't required.

M502: All of Linear Algebra
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: David Grabovsky

This class will be my attempt to do the entirety of an undergraduate course in linear algebra in less than an hour. We will rapidly develop the theory of finite-dimensional vector spaces, starting with vectors and the notions of linear combination, basis, and dimension. Moving on to linear transformations, we will discuss the kernel, image, rank, and nullity of linear maps before diving into determinants and invertibility. From there, we’ll talk about change of basis, introduce eigenvectors, and finish off with self-adjoint operators and the mathematical fireworks of the spectral theorem. The goal of the class is to introduce a new way of thinking about mathematical structures, and to show you a wild ride through a beautiful subject.


Prerequisites
Be ready to move fast. Strictly speaking, no prerequisites are required beyond a working understanding of sets and functions; however, having a high-school-level linear algebra course under your belt—or just googling some of the terms above—will really help you keep your bearings as the structural aspects of the theory unfold in class.

M534: Mathematical Methods for Sciences
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Silas Grossberndt

A quick overview of advanced mathematics techniques that are useful in solving advanced physical problems. This course will cover techniques to simplify classes of problems.We will look at change of coordinates and symmetry, Gaussian integrals/ Normal distributions, and if time allows a bit of complex integration techniques


Prerequisites
Some familiarity with Calculus, and complex numbers.

M483: Building J.A.R.V.I.S.: Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Processing
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Crystal Ren

Ever wondered why the gap between the abilities of sci-fi chatbots (Iron Man's J.A.R.V.I.S comes to mind) and real chatbots (ie. Siri) is so stark?
This course covers ways to build a chatbot. We will examine AI concepts, the challenges of creating a human-like chatbot, and current research in the field.


Prerequisites
Interest in artificial intelligence concepts and machine learning, especially in the context of natural language processing.


Science

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S467: From Frankenstein to Ex Machina: Creating Consciousness in Science and Pop Culture
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Pooja Desai, Emma Holt

Questions about our consciousness have been at the core of scientific and social questioning for centuries. What makes us human? What is the human consciousness? These tensions are as apparent in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein as they are in today's world of Artificial Intelligence, and films such as "Her" and "Ex Machina". This class will explore the scientific roots behind these pop-culture phenomena. How do memory and personality form? What makes us fully intelligent and conscious beings? What makes us, us? And, as we move into a world of Artificial Intelligence, how do these questions shape our interactions and our futures.


Prerequisites
None, but recommended to have some familiarity with these pop culture topics.

S459: Why People Believe Weird Things: An Introduction to Anomalistic Psychology
Difficulty: **

What do ghosts, astrology, lizard people, mind reading, and alien abductions have in common? They are all strange beliefs that aren't backed by science! But that doesn't mean that your weird aunt who does palm readings is crazy; quite the opposite, actually. There are plenty of reasonable explanations for why people believe in strange things, and we are here to tell you all about them!

S475: Introduction to Astrophysics I
Difficulty: ***

The Early Universe:

This will be a brief introduction to the origins of the Universe. We will begin to understand the conditions that gave rise to organised structure. We will ambitiously review the following:

The Big Bang Theory
Quantum Fluctuations
Cosmological Inflation
Primordial Nucleosynthesis and Baryogenesis
Cosmic Microwave Background

Please note: this is part of a series but each class is independent and they do not have to be taken sequentially. The material presented will be an age-appropriate introduction.


Prerequisites
Please come with a question!

S527: Geometry and Mechanics Part 1
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: Ben Israeli

A crash course in classical mechanics, going from Newtonian through Lagrangian and Hamiltonian, then deriving the same in reverse order through geometric techniques.
(more useful description later)


Prerequisites
Calculus is helpful. Basic mechanics would be useful context.

S535: Introduction to Feynman Diagrams
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Silas Grossberndt

A brief introduction to Feynman diagrams for particle physics. Learn how to use Feynman diagrams and their purpose in Particle physics. Learn how, by using fairly simple pictures we can reduce a problem of the form $$ \int e^{-p_x^2-p_y^2-x^2-y^2 + \Sigma \lambda x^n y^n $$ to a few diagrams and a vertex counting schema.


Prerequisites
Don't freak out when you see math, don't worry we wont be doing anything harder than addition

S476: Introduction to Astrophysics II
Difficulty: ***

Evolution of Structure Formation:

This will be a brief introduction to the structural and componential formation. We will begin to understand the evolution and the interactions between things in the universe and how they behave. We will ambitiously review the following:

Galactic Formation
Measurements and Distances
Redshift
The Theory of Special Relativity

Please note: this is part of a series but each class is independent and they do not have to be taken sequentially. The material presented will be an age-appropriate introduction.

S512: Introduction to Social Engineering: The Art of Human Hacking Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jacob Nye

Have you ever wondered how people can take advantage of your psychology and trick you into doing things you normally wouldn't? With social engineering, hackers gain access to information by targeting what's often a system's weakest link - people. In this class you'll learn the psychological principles employed by social engineers and how they're used, and how to defend yourself against them.

S485: Public Health, Epidemiology, and the United Nations' World Health Organization (WHO)
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rashi Bhatt

We will discuss world health issues, including the growing prevalence and distribution of diseases such as Ebola, Zika, and Yellow Fever, and the mechanisms by which these diseases populate so rapidly, as well as public health policies and their effects in society on a worldwide basis. We will also go over previous efforts to deter the effects of epidemics and pandemics (Ex. 1918 Influenza Virus) by multiple nations and the United Nations' World Health Organization.

S516: Applied Neuroscience: Remotely Controlling a Roach's Actions Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Anthony Chesebro

The nervous system is a complex network of electrical systems all working in sync with one another. Understanding the signaling and encoding methods that these networks use is the key to unlocking the secrets of the brain's computational power. By tapping into the neural pathways that transmit sensory information, it is possible to influence the actions of the host. In this class demonstration, a cyborg roach is created by implanting electrodes into the roach's antenna nerves. This allows the experimenter to control the movement of the roach via a wireless phone uplink. If you're interested in any branch of neuroscience (or you just want to see a cool experiment), this is the class for you!


Prerequisites
There are live roaches in the experiment, so be forewarned. There is a handout provided containing the ethics statement of altering the roach's nervous system, in case you have any concerns.

S518: Protein Structure, Immunology, and Drug Design
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Afua Addo, Allison Hung

Students will be introduced to the chemical basis of biological processes, with a focus on protein structure and function. Finally, students will learn how protein structures can be used to design novel therapeutic compounds in the fields of pharmacology and synthetic biology.


Prerequisites
High school level biology

S536: Geometry and Mechanics Part 2
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: Ben Israeli

A crash course in classical mechanics, going from Newtonian through Lagrangian and Hamiltonian, then deriving the same in reverse order through geometric techniques.
(more useful description later)


Prerequisites
Calculus is helpful. Basic mechanics would be useful context.

S487: Symmetry & Molecular Point Groups
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Eva Farkas

Learn about the physical significance of symmetry in chemistry and how different molecules are categorized by their symmetric properties!


Prerequisites
High school math and chemistry might be helpful, but aren't necessary.

S468: Understanding Weather Data
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Jessie Oehrlein

Atmospheric sounding charts are generated from weather balloon data, and they help us understand and predict weather conditions. Come learn what temperature through the atmosphere looks like when there's freezing rain and how to predict whether there will be a thunderstorm soon!


Prerequisites
Comfort with basic algebra.

S477: Introduction to Astrophysics III
Difficulty: ****

Physical Cosmology: Journey to the Frontier

This will be a brief introduction into the most cohesively advanced theory in the study of the universe. We will journey to the frontier and back while trying to keep our feet and minds on terra firma. We will ambitiously review the following:

Large Scale Structure
Black Holes
The Theory of General Relativity

Please note: this is part of a series but each class is independent and they do not have to be taken sequentially. The material presented will be an age-appropriate introduction.


Prerequisites
Please come with a question!

S481: Animal Social Behavior & Communication
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Katherine Broekman

In what ways can we consider animals social? What's a "pecking order"? How do animals communicate without language, or with limited cognitive faculties? Come learn about current research going on at Columbia, why animal research is awesome, and what animal systems can teach us about the evolution of complex behavior.

S491: Redefining Freud
Difficulty: *

Freud once had a theory. Someone told him it was science. It kind of wasn't. We're going to tell you why. Along the way, you'll probably learn some actual psychology.

S537: Geometry and Mechanics Part 3
Difficulty: ****
Teachers: Ben Israeli

A crash course in classical mechanics, going from Newtonian through Lagrangian and Hamiltonian, then deriving the same in reverse order through geometric techniques.
(more useful description later)


Prerequisites
Calculus is helpful. Basic mechanics would be useful context. Geometry and Mechanics Part 2 is REQUIRED

S513: Organic Chemistry through the Lens of Rings
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Justin Wong

This lecture introduces students to the language of Organic Chemistry through an in-depth discussion of ring structures. Specifically, we will explore pericyclic reactions (sigmatrophic rearrangement, electrocyclic., and cycloaddition). Students should expect to gain a deeper understanding of molecular orbital theory, and the principles and methods used in organic synthesis


Prerequisites
AP Chemistry or the equivalent: contact instructor with any questions.

S495: An Introduction to Quantum Mechanics
Difficulty: ***

Many who have lightly dabbled with quantum mechanics are aware of how electrons aren't really particles, they're waves with ill-defined positions and velocities. But what does this really mean? Much of the way we think about physics has changed drastically since the start of the 20th century, particularly due to the contributions of Einstein's relativity and quantum mechanics. This course uses calculus and some linear algebra to introduce the basic ideas behind quantum mechanics and begin to work through both the mathematical and philosophical underpinnings of this strange, non-intuitive branch of physics.


Prerequisites
Completed calculus sequence (either AB or BC, preferably BC), AP Physics (either B or C: Mechanics). Electromagnetism is not required, but strongly recommended.

S478: The Singularity is Near: Post-Biological Reality
Difficulty: **

By the year 2035 every human entity you interact with will be a combination of biological and artificial intelligence--including yourself. This is the prediction Ray Kurzweil: futurist, Googler, and MIT alum '70.

This class will be a brief introduction into the ideas and ideals of Kurzweil's radical prediction, dare I say prophesy, that precisely articulates the manner in which human thought coupled to mechanical application will lead to the creation of superintelligent beings. Kurzweil states that not only will superintelligence be the end of human biological evolution as we know it, but, perhaps more importantly, that humans will voluntarily and irreversibly transform themselves into these entities; akin to a release from the chains of the mortal body.

Do you find this ethically responsible? What is the religion of technology? How can we best prepare to usher in this post-biological era? Let's talk!


Prerequisites
Please familiarise yourself with Ray Kurzweil's writings.

S482: Animal Behavior - Altruism
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Katherine Broekman

Why do some animals perform "self-sacrificing" behaviors? How can evolution select for behaviors that seem to be a detriment to reproductive success? We will consider cases like sterile worker bees, sexual cannibalism in spiders, and how naked mole rats act like ants.

S515: Modern Neuroscience Crash-Course: The Senses
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Rachel Mikofsky

This course will review some of the basics of neuroscience. We'll then go through some modern research techniques in neuroscience and how they were used to understand the senses.


Prerequisites
Basic (non-AP) biology, including genetics and neuroscience is desired.

S528: Is it bacterium or bacteria? Bacterial communities and how they work!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Krista Cortez

Multicellularity independently evolved more than 20 times and is found in all three domains of life. A defining characteristic of this lifestyle is that it allows for diversification. This advantage is reflected by the observation that bacteria are part of cellular assemblages (biofilms) under most natural settings. (A comparable human analog to biofilms would be the world's population crammed into an area the size of Manhattan!) Yet, our thinking about the development of multicellular organisms is traditionally restricted to eukaryotes. Little attention is given to structural organization in bacterial communities and how these respond to environmental changes. Bacteria are amazing and represent a rewarding set of model organisms to study. We promise! Let's get nerdy!

S489: The Multiverse Hierarchy
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Zak Marcone

In this class we will be talking about the real scientific evidence for the existence of more than one universe. The basis for the class will be Prof. Max Tegmark's paper The Multiverse Hierarchy. We will be delving into General Relativity, String Theory, black holes, you name it. Come learn about how everything that can happen will and how you will one day be president of the United States somewhere.


Prerequisites
Nothing, math will be minimal unless the class wants to go into more depth


Walk-in Seminar

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W524: Entropy in Our Political Climate
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chloe Li

Entropy is known in the science world as the degree of disorder in a system. As a concept, the idea is that all systems gradually decline into chaos. Now, a daily look at our media will reveal that our political climate matches this description perfectly. We will discuss the connection between this scientific concept, and the state of the world's political atmosphere.

W508: Marvel Talks - Seminar Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrea Jurado

What better way to gear for the Phase 3 movies than to talk it through? Come join us for a discussion on all things Marvel - all phases, all movies and all Netflix shows! Guardians is coming up and it will be an exciting way to end your time at Splash!

The other classes are: The Strange Science and The Science of Ant-Man so consider registering for those classes as well.


Prerequisites
Strong interest in Marvel shows. DC fans welcome.


Miscellaneous

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X509: How to give a TED talk Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Canwen Xu

Do you watch TED talks? Have you even dreamed of delivering one yourself? Attend this 50 minutes seminar where you will come up with your very own TED idea, sketch an outline, and learn useful presentation skills. This will be a great opportunity to practice public speaking in a completely stress-free environment...plus it'll be lots of fun!


Prerequisites
none

X506: Marvel 101: The Science of Ant-Man Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrea Jurado

This semester, we're going to take a more science-based approach in understanding science concepts in our favorite Marvel movies. This class is part of a three-lecture series on chosen Marvel movies and the science behind them. This class will focus on Ant-Man and how feasible the science is behind Ant-Man's superpowers.

The other classes are: The Strange Science and Marvel Talks, so consider registering for those classes as well.


Prerequisites
Strong interest in Marvel movies. DC fans welcome.

X488: Diagramming Sentences & Grammar Fun! Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Eva Farkas

Learn about how parts of speech come together to make beautiful sentences! We'll also go over other fun grammar facts + tips for writing.


Prerequisites
None!

X533: Ole Papi's New Knot Seminar
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Cole Dunbar

Ole Papi is back for another semester of his World Famous Knot Seminar.

Whether it's wrestling a bear or saving Baby June from the river, you're going to wish that you knew some of Ole Papi's World Famous Knots for every situation!

TOO BAD! Times are changing and Ole Papi doesn't love Baby June any more—and he has a new set of zaney knots to prove it!


Prerequisites
Beginners welcome

X507: Marvel 101: The Strange Science
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrea Jurado

This semester, we're going to take a more science-based approach in understanding science concepts in our favorite Marvel movies. This class is part of a three-lecture series on chosen Marvel movies and the science behind them. This class will focus on Doctor Strange and how feasible the science is behind Strange's ability to bend energy!

The other classes are: The Science of Ant-Man and Marvel Talks, so consider registering for those classes as well.


Prerequisites
Strong interest in Marvel movies. DC fans welcome

X492: The History of Fandom and Why It Makes Sense
Difficulty: *

You're probably part of a fandom, maybe even 100. And sometimes, you stay up until all hours of the night giggling over your favorite fanfiction. But tumblr wasn't the first website to lose their collective minds over fictional stories and there's a very good psychological reason why this isn't as weird as you might think. This class looks at the history of fandom and the psychological theories behind it.

X471: Conquer College Transition
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Genevieve Griffin

Are you looking for a break from essays, tests, and applications? Play OPTION PLAY and have fun figuring out what you might do if...
After playing a round or two we will put a few scenarios under the microscope, and you will leave feeling in charge, amused, and full of strategies to conquer the transition to college.


Prerequisites
High school seniors who are planning to attend college. High school juniors who are heading into the college application process.

X520: Entrepreneurship journey: how to develop an idea into a startup
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Scott Lee

I will share with you some of the lessons I've learned during my entrepreneurship journey. I'll present a big picture of how we first came up with an idea, recruited a team, and started building our app.

Some topics you might be interested in:
- Market researtch: strategic planning of your product or service
- The process of how we went from the inception of idea to a product in the market
- The internship/job opportunities that we have available


History

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Y530: Motels, Drive-Ins and Malls: American Car Culture in the Post War Period
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Armando León

This course will examine the rise of American car culture in the post-war period by looking at the rise of motels, drive-ins and malls, among other things. Special attention will be paid to the consumer culture following the war, the lives of peoples living in a new suburban America and how car culture became central to the formation of the suburbs and making new modes of consumption possible.

Y490: The Rise of Modern Terrorism: al Qaeda and the Islamic State
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Zak Marcone

In this class we will be tracing the origins of terrorist ideology from the 18th century to the present. This will largely be a history course delving into specific events and people who have made an impact in the development of groups such as al Qaeda and the Islamic State.


Prerequisites
Maturity when dealing with important issues

Y457: Horrible Histories: The Witch Hunts of Europe and North America
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Amani Mohamed

An introductory overview of the mass hysteria that led to the murder of thousands of women, labeled "witches" across Europe and North America, and the methodology used to hunt said witches.


Prerequisites
None

Y526: 20th Century China
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Zak Marcone

This class will explore the major political and social movements that shaped the Chinese 20th century experience. We'll delve into everything from the Cultural Revolution to the psychology of Mao.

Y458: Horrible Histories: The Lost Colony of Roanoke
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Amani Mohamed

A history of the Lost Colony of Roanoke, set up by Elizabeth I as the first permanent English settlement in North America. Roanoke disappeared, along with all it's colonists, after only five years in existence? What happened to the colonists? This seminar will explore theories and myths surrounding the colony's macabre disappearance.


Prerequisites
None